The night before he was assassinated, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Despite the Civil Rights Act banning pay discrimination on the basis of race four years earlier, the sanitation workers had walked out of their jobs in demand of equal pay for equal work and safer working conditions. As Dr. King laid out in his speech, their struggle was not against the city government alone. It was against centuries of systemic racism — from slavery to Jim Crow laws and segregation — that denied people of color opportunities and robbed them of wealth. Today, 55 years after the passage of the Civil Rights Act, we find equal pay for equal work is still not a reality. We analyzed the racial wage gaps, or differences in earnings, between white men and men of color using data from the PayScale online salary survey. We find there is a consistent gap in earnings between black or African American men and white men. Even as black or African American men climb the corporate ladder, they still make less than equally qualified white men.


AAFEA is the leading non-profit organization dedicated to preparing and supporting African Americans for advancement into and within the senior ranks of the United States Government. Virtual Coffee Talk September 8 – pm. Virtual Coffee Talk October 13 – pm. Brown, Sr.

As an African American male, I understand and profess “Black Lives MATTER” and call attention to the heightening frustration and anger of the institutionalized.

Department of Education. Historically black colleges and universities HBCUs were established to serve the educational needs of black Americans. Prior to the time of their establishment, and for many years afterwards, blacks were generally denied admission to traditionally white institutions. As a result, HBCUs became the principle means for providing postsecondary education to black Americans. Today, HBCUs must fulfill educational goals far beyond those initially set.

President George Bush described the unique mission of black colleges as follows:. Today, thank heavens, most of those barriers have been brought down by the law, and yet historically black colleges and universities still represent a vital component of American higher education. This pamphlet provides an overview of the historic role, accomplishments, and challenges which face HBCUs as they carry out their unique mission.

‘Be picky and have high standards’: new dating apps cater to the elite and the rich

Podcasting is a big business and one that is expected to keep growing. According to Podcast Insights , there are currently over , podcasts and over 28 million episodes as of last month. Yet, podcasting remains a genre mostly used and created by white people. There is anecdotal evidence, though, that more black people—and black women in particular—are turning to podcasting as a way to amplify their voices.

The problem is that, to date, companies have not been great at promoting And yet black women’s advancement into leadership roles has remained ethnic identity was African American/black, Asian American, Latin/Hispanic, had aspirations to move into executive management or senior leadership.

George Wallace, one of the most controversial politicians in U. Segregation tomorrow! Segregation forever! The U. Board of Education , and the executive branch undertook aggressive tactics to enforce the ruling. On June 10, , President John F. Kennedy federalized National Guard troops and deployed them to the University of Alabama to force its desegregation.

Hood—successfully enrolled. In September of the same year, Wallace again attempted to block the desegregation of an Alabama public school—this time Tuskegee High School—but President Kennedy once again employed his executive authority and federalized National Guard troops. Wallace had little choice but to yield. But if you see something that doesn’t look right, click here to contact us! The outnumbered Israel Defense Forces achieved a swift and decisive victory in the brief war, rolling over the Arab coalition that threatened the Jewish state and more than When Catherine failed to produce a male heir, Henry divorced her against the will of the Roman Catholic Church, thus precipitating the Protestant Reformation in England.

20 Must-Listen to Black Women Podcasts for 2019

DeHass, Ms. Akutagawa, Mr. A critical need for inclusive leadership, the shifting US demographics, and investor pressure in the United States have increased the focus on diversity in the c-suite and on public company boards.

A new study interviewed 42 African American doctors, lawyers, as secretaries or wives even when they were high-ranking executives. Black.

They overcame discrimination there, as women and as African Americans. Also featured is Christine Darden , who was the first African-American woman to be promoted into the Senior Executive Service for her work in researching supersonic flight and sonic booms. The book was adapted as a film by the same name , released in , that was nominated for three Oscars. Hidden Figures tells the story of three African-American women who worked as computers to solve problems for engineers and others at NASA.

For the first years of their careers, the workplace was segregated and women were kept in the background as human computers. The book explains how these three historical women overcame discrimination and racial segregation to become three American achievers in mathematics, scientific and engineering history. The main character, Katherine Johnson, calculated rocket trajectories for the Mercury and Apollo missions.

The book was adapted as a film of the same name , written by Theodore Melfi and Allison Schroeder , and directed by Melfi. The budget of the film was 25 million USD. While the film is based on the book, author Margot Lee Shetterly agrees that there are differences between the two, and she finds that to be understandable. For better or for worse, there is history, there is the book and then there’s the movie.

Timelines had to be conflated and [there were] composite characters, and for most people [who have seen the movie] have already taken that as the literal fact. You might get the indication in the movie that these were the only people doing those jobs, when in reality we know they worked in teams, and those teams had other teams.

Executive Order 9981: Integration of the Armed Forces

At the same time, black men also describe a sense of alienation and isolation on the job, and find it taboo to reach out to other black men to create bonds. Researchers who have examined black women in corporate settings generally highlight their unique experiences not just as black workers but as black women workers. These are important findings that give some insight into how race and gender operate together to yield specific outcomes for black women.

in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. the date the 13th Amendment passed Congress in , officially After all, he liked to say, the legacy of black people in America could “​be.

The Executive Leadership Institute ELI was established in as a program dedicated to grooming African American managers for the rigors of executive positions in public service organizations. As cities, counties, and states face an enormous array of critical problems – including escalating crime rates, growing demands for social services, rapidly deteriorating infrastructures, and diminishing Federal aid to localities – the need for talented, energetic, creative, resourceful, and capable executives from diverse backgrounds is increasingly present.

ELI was established to sharpen the skills and capabilities of an elite core of managers and administrators who have already demonstrated superior achievement as assistant city managers, department heads, bureau chiefs, and the like. This program is one of the few training Institutes in the United States that offers a curriculum mixed with both academic based theory and practitioner based experience through partnerships with universities and cities throughout the country. The ability to compare and contrast the impacts of urban renewal, transportation policy, economic development strategies, leadership, and other public policies, in seven cities over an eight-month period, is unique to participants of the Executive Leadership Institute.

ELI candidates also have the exceptional opportunity to interface with elected and appointed administrators who grapple with public policy decisions daily, citizens who live in these communities and universities that study and analyze public management application and theory. The Executive Leadership Institute has been developed to meet the needs of experienced managers and administrators.

In addition to aspiring to achieve an executive position, applicants should possess strong academic training, including a bachelor’s degree required and a master’s degree preferred. Persons who fulfill these minimum requirements, demonstrate leadership skills, and a commitment to social responsibility will be considered. If you are selected as a candidate, you will be expected to become an active member of NFBPA, as well. The Executive Leadership Institute is designed for leaders upon whom elected and appointed officials rely on to carry out policies, implement programs, and solve problems.

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Executive Order 8802

This article reviews the risk and protective factors associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviors in the African American community. The authors provide a brief review of the history of suicide research in African American communities and critique some of the paradigms and underlying assumptions that have made it difficult to address the problem of suicidal behaviors in the African American community.

The article also summarizes the articles that are presented in this special edition of the Journal of Black Psychology on suicidality in the African American community. Among non-European Americans, only the incidence of suicide among Native Americans has been widely noted U. There are several reasons for studying suicidal behavior among a variety of minority populations in the United States.

It is a leading cause of premature death and injury within these populations.

The Executive Leadership Institute (ELI) was established in as a program dedicated to grooming African American managers for the rigors of executive.

This involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired labor. The freedmen are advised to remain quietly at their present homes and work for wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts and that they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere.

When Maj. The Emancipation Proclamation itself, ending slavery in the Confederacy at least on paper , had taken effect two-and-a-half years before, and in the interim, close to , black men had enlisted in the fight. It would be easy to think so in our world of immediate communication, but as Granger and the 1, bluecoats under him soon found out, news traveled slowly in Texas.

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Executive Order , executive order enacted on June 25, , by U. Franklin D. Roosevelt that helped to eliminate racial discrimination in the U. Even before the Japanese attack on the U.

Dedicated executive officers taking our business and investments further into African markets.

We also know that having women of color in prominent roles at companies is good for the bottom line. The problem is that, to date, companies have not been great at promoting women of color to the highest levels of their organizations. To increase diversity at senior executive levels, more must be known about one group in particular: women of color in midlevel leadership, who successfully developed and progressed beyond individual contributor and first-line management. What made their ascent possible?

And what factors helped or hindered advancement in their organization? Research identifies four key skills women of color can cultivate, plus ways their organizations can help them along the way. Women of color are a force in the U. Developing a diverse leadership pipeline can benefit companies in all sectors. The problem is that, to date, companies have not been great at promoting women of color to senior roles. To look into this question, I conducted a case study as part of my dissertation research involving 23 women of color at a Fortune company.

Sixteen women were interviewed and seven others participated in a focus group.

Executive Biographies

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This Missing Pieces Report highlights the progress to date that has been The percentage of board seats held by African American/Blacks and Randall L. Stephenson, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, AT&T Inc.

Where is Juneteenth? Dating back to , it was on June 19 th that the Union soldiers, led by Major General Gordon Granger , landed at Galveston, Texas with news that the war had ended and that the enslaved were now free. The Emancipation Proclamation had little impact on the Texans due to the minimal number of Union troops to enforce the new Executive Order.

Later attempts to explain this two and a half year delay in the receipt of this important news have yielded several versions that have been handed down through the years. Often told is the story of a messenger who was murdered on his way to Texas with the news of freedom. Another is that the news was deliberately withheld by the enslavers to maintain the labor force on the plantations.

And still another is that federal troops actually waited for the slave owners to reap the benefits of one last cotton harvest before going to Texas to enforce the Emancipation Proclamation. All of which, or none of these versions could be true. Certainly, for some, President Lincoln’s authority over the rebellious states was in question.

History of Executive Order 11246

The Molly-Andrew relationship is part of a larger cultural trend in which black women, especially those of medium-to-dark-brown complexions — long positioned at the bottom of the aesthetic and social hierarchy in the United States because of racist standards — are increasingly appearing as leading ladies and romantic ideals in interracial relationships onscreen.

In many ways, these romances push back against racial bias in the real world. In , the online dating site OkCupid updated a study that found that of all the groups on its site, African-American women were considered less desirable than, and received significantly fewer matches than, women of other races. These works grapple with race in very different ways.

“I think that’s absurd and ridiculous, but as an African American woman in the dating pool, it would be nice to know that someone I was matched.

The United States military of the present-day is comprised of servicemen and women of diverse social and racial backgrounds; all are dedicated to one common purpose: the defense of their country and its citizens. White, Black, Latin, Asian, and American Indian all serve side-by-side with dedication and distinction. However, the integration of the military is a more recent phenomenon than some may have originally thought. The date 26 July marks an important milestone in United States military history and race relations.

On this date in , President Harry S. This act has been described as the pinnacle of the Truman civil rights program and the climax of the struggle for racial equality in the armed forces. But in some ways, the order was simply a practical response to a presidential dilemma. Since the beginning of the American military, it had been an uphill struggle for African Americans and other minorities to prove their patriotism and devotion to the defense of the nation.

During the American Revolution, blacks and whites served together in several units throughout the duration of the war. After the war, however, integration in the military would not be seen until after

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